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Audit and Evaluation Committee (AEC) members


Michael J. McLaughlin, Chair

Mr. McLaughlin was the Deputy Auditor General of Canada when he retired from the Office of the Auditor General of Canada in 2002 after 32 years of public service. He held the position of Deputy Auditor General of Canada from 1997 to 2002, where he was responsible for the overall management of the Office including Audit Operations, and was the Senior Financial Officer.

Mr. McLaughlin began his career in 1971 working as a Management Analyst for Veterans Affairs. In 1973, he joined Canada Post where he advanced to the position of Manager of Corporate Planning. From 1979 to 2002, Mr. McLaughlin worked in the Office of the Auditor General of Canada in progressively senior roles. As an Audit Principal, Mr. McLaughlin was responsible for audits of External Affairs, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and International Development Research Centre (IDRC). He later became an Assistant Auditor General with responsibility for the Montreal Regional Office including audits of VIA Rail, the Business Development Bank of Canada and the International Civil Aviation Organization.

During 2002 and 2003, Mr. McLaughlin held the position of President/Executive Director at CCAF-FCVI, a private foundation dedicated to research and training in the area of accountability and performance auditing. On resigning this position, he was elected to the Board of Governors and served as the Chair of the Board from 2005 to 2009.

Michael McLaughlin joined CATSA (Canadian Air Transport Security Authority) on April 1, 2003 as Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer (CFO). This new Crown Corporation was in its start-up phase, establishing its programs and procedures. He retired from CATSA on December 31, 2006 and is now an independent consultant.

BSc (Honours) — Carleton University 1971
Certified Management Accountant 1989 — Society of Management Accountants
Advanced Management Program 1992 — Canadian Centre for Management Development

Fellow of the Society of Management Accountants FCMA 2004
The Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal 2002

Volunteer Activities:
Board of Governors CCAF-FCVI (2004–2009)
Board of Directors Carleton Golf and Yacht Club (2001–2005) (2006–current)

Michael Nelson

Michael Nelson began his career as an engineering officer in the Canadian Forces. In 1980, he left the military and joined the federal Public Service.

During his career he was involved in the research, writing and production of two public administration books authored by Gordon Osbaldeston (former Clerk of the Privy Council and Secretary to the Federal Cabinet), Keeping Deputy Ministers Accountable, and Organizing to Govern. Michael later held senior appointments in the federal government, including Group Chief at Treasury Board Secretariat, where he was responsible for federal government policies in information management, access to information, privacy, security, communications and federal identity; Chief Executive Officer of the Canadian Forces Housing Agency; Vice-President at the Public Service Commission of Canada (PSC); and Assistant Deputy Minister, Comptrollership and Administration Sector at Industry Canada.

Michael was appointed Registrar of Lobbyists for the Government of Canada in 2004. During his time in that position he chaired an international symposium on lobbying legislation in France led by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Michael retired from the federal public service in 2008 and is currently President of S.A.G.E. Consulting Inc.

Michael is a graduate in Applied Science from the Royal Military College of Canada and holds a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Ottawa. He is a native of Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Nancy Bélanger, Commissioner of Lobbying

Nancy Bélanger was appointed by both houses of Parliament under the Lobbying Act (the Act) as Commissioner of Lobbying on December 30, 2017, for a seven-year term.

As an independent Agent of Parliament, Commissioner Bélanger is responsible for administering and enforcing the Act. The Commissioner's mandate is to maintain a registry of lobbyists to increase the transparency of lobbying activities, foster greater awareness of the Act through education and outreach, and enforce compliance with the Act and the Lobbyists’ Code of Conduct.

Nancy Bélanger holds a Bachelor of Laws and a Master of Laws from the University of Ottawa, and is a member in good standing of the Law Society of Upper Canada.

She joined the federal Public Service in 1993 as a Law Clerk with the Federal Court of Canada.

Nancy Bélanger has held positions with the Department of Justice and was Executive Officer to the Chief Justice of the Federal Court. She was also a Senior Legal Advisor with the Immigration and Refugee Board.

In the past decade, she has served in the offices of two Agents of Parliament. In 2007, she joined the senior management team as General Counsel at the Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner. In July 2013, she became General Counsel and Director of Legal Services for the Office of the Information Commissioner, a position she held until August 2017 when she became Deputy Commissioner, Legal Services and Public Affairs.

Former members

Alan R. Winberg, Ph.D.

Alan Winberg began his consulting practice in June 2007, after 30 years of distinguished service in the Public Service of Canada. His practice includes Strategic Management, Organizational Effectiveness, Risk Management, Performance Measurement, Program Evaluation and Internal Audit. He has a wide experience and understanding of government programs, having held senior positions in Treasury Board Secretariat, large operating departments, and small agencies.

From December 2004 to May 2007, Mr. Winberg was Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer of the Indian Claims Commission, responsible for its day-to-day operations. The Commission carried out inquiries into Indian specific claims, provided mediation services for claims accepted for negotiation and carried out public education activities.

From 2002 to 2004, Mr. Winberg was the Senior Visiting Fellow, Public Management at the Canada School of Public Service. Mr. Winberg contributed to developing the federal government's Management Accountability Framework and to improving management training for federal public servants.

From 1999 to 2002, Alan Winberg was Assistant Deputy Minister of Financial and Administrative Services, Human Resources Development Canada. He guided the department in all matters related to sound financial and administrative management. During this period, the department came under intense scrutiny for its management of grant and contribution programs. He led significant change management initiatives to improve organizational design and accountability for results. As Senior Financial Officer, he played a key role in change management initiatives implemented for Employment Insurance, the Canada Pension Plan and the Canada Student Loan programs.

From 1989 to 1999, Mr. Winberg served in different Assistant Deputy Minister level positions with the Treasury Board Secretariat. He led government-wide initiatives to strengthen the risk management capacity of the federal government. He managed government-wide initiatives to strengthen planning, internal audit, performance measurement and reporting. He advanced the reform of federal procurement policies and practices (including all federal contracting) and improved management of federal assets, including real property and materiel assets. Mr. Winberg has worked in senior positions, involving policy formulation and operations at the National Energy Board, Natural Resources Canada, Indian and Northern Affairs, and Consumer and Corporate Affairs. Prior to entering the public service, Mr. Winberg was a professor in the Management Faculty at the University of Ottawa.

Mr. Winberg earned his Bachelor degree in Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania, and his Doctoral degree in Economics at the London School of Economics. He has served as a member of the Board of Directors of a number of professional organizations and associations including Canada's National Quality Institute, the Performance and Planning Exchange of Canada, the Institute for Internal Audit and the Canadian Evaluation Society. Mr. Winberg served as President of the Canadian Evaluation Society from 1990 to 1992.

Thomas K. Gussman, MA

Tom Gussman was educated as an economist at the University of British Columbia (BA, MA) and at the University of California, Los Angeles (Ph.D. studies). He spent 14 years in the federal Public Service, working first at Statistics Canada, then the National Energy Board and lastly with Consumer and Corporate Affairs for almost a decade. His work moved from the national accounts to cost-benefit analysis to policy analysis and federal-provincial consultations at Consumer and Corporate Affairs. In that department, he managed several key legislative initiatives, including the development of the initial Lobbyists Registration Act.

Since entering the consulting field in 1988, Tom has focused his practice on public sector accountability. He has designed, conducted and managed dozens of program evaluation studies and developed management accountability frameworks and performance measurement strategies for a range of federal and provincial government organizations. As well, he has been an economic and policy consultant to a number of royal commissions and public inquiries, and is often sought to prepare reports on complex issues dealing with law and economics.

Tom's career has been marked by a number of awards. Among the most notable was his designation in 1970 as a Woodrow Wilson Fellow in economics when graduating from UBC. In 1988, he received a Special Commendation Award from the Deputy Minister of Consumer and Consumer Affairs to note his exceptional contributions to the department.

Mr. Gussman has been involved extensively in the voluntary sector, working with a number of not-for-profit and community service groups for more than 30 years. In that capacity, he has served and continues to serve on the boards of charitable organizations.

Karen E. Shepherd, MPA, Former Commissioner of Lobbying

Karen E. Shepherd was appointed by both houses of Parliament under the Lobbying Act (the Act) as Commissioner of Lobbying on June 30, 2009 for a seven-year (renewable) term. She was Commissioner until 2017.

As an independent Agent of Parliament, Commissioner Shepherd was responsible for administering and enforcing the Act. The Commissioner's mandate is to maintain a registry of lobbyists to increase the transparency of lobbying activities, foster greater awareness of the Act through education and outreach, and enforce compliance with the Act and the Lobbyists' Code of Conduct.

Commissioner Shepherd holds a Master's degree in Public Administration (MPA) from Carleton University and a Baccalaureate of Arts (B.A.) from Concordia University. She has more than 20 years of experience in the federal public service, where she has gained extensive administrative, policy and leadership experience.

Prior to working in the area of lobbying, Commissioner Shepherd held a number of positions in the Industry Sector of Industry Canada, a sector primarily responsible for the development of programs, policies, strategies and services aimed at helping Canadian businesses and industries expand, compete, create and retain highly qualified jobs. One of the key positions she held was Director of Aerospace, where she led a team tasked with the promotion of international competitiveness and sustainable growth in the Canadian aerospace sector.

Before joining Industry Canada in 1996, Commissioner Shepherd served in several positions with Revenue Canada, the Office of the Auditor General, the Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, and with Employment and Immigration Canada, gaining significant experience in human resources, policy and program management.

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