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Financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2018

Statement of management responsibility including internal control over financial reporting

Responsibility for the integrity and objectivity of the accompanying financial statements for the year ended , and all information contained in these statements rests with the management of the Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying (OCL). These financial statements have been prepared by management using the Government of Canada's accounting policies, which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards.

Management is responsible for the integrity and objectivity of the information in these financial statements. Some of the information in the financial statements is based on management's best estimates and judgment, and gives due consideration to materiality. To fulfill its accounting and reporting responsibilities, management maintains a set of accounts that provides a centralized record of the OCL’s financial transactions. Financial information submitted in the preparation of the Public Accounts of Canada, and included in the OCL’s Departmental Results Report, is consistent with these financial statements.

Management is also responsible for maintaining an effective system of internal control over financial reporting (ICFR) designed to provide reasonable assurance that financial information is reliable, that assets are safeguarded and that transactions are properly authorized and recorded in accordance with the Financial Administration Act and other applicable legislation, regulations, authorities and policies.

Management seeks to ensure the objectivity and integrity of data in its financial statements through careful selection, training and development of qualified staff; through organizational arrangements that provide appropriate divisions of responsibility; through communication programs aimed at ensuring that regulations, policies, standards, and managerial authorities are understood throughout the OCL and through conducting an annual risk-based assessment of the effectiveness of the system of ICFR.

The system of ICFR is designed to mitigate risks to a reasonable level based on an ongoing process to identify key risks, to assess effectiveness of associated key controls, and to make any necessary adjustments.

A risk-based assessment of the system of ICFR for the year ended March 31, 2018 was completed in accordance with the Treasury Board Policy on Financial Management and the results and action plans are summarized in the annex of the 2017-2018 Departmental Results Report.

The effectiveness and adequacy of the OCL's system of internal control is reviewed by an independent Audit and Evaluation Committee, which oversees management's responsibilities for maintaining adequate control systems and the quality of financial reporting, and which recommends for approval the financial statements to the Commissioner of Lobbying.

The Auditor General of Canada, the independent auditor for the Government of Canada, has expressed an opinion on the fair presentation of the financial statements of the OCL which does not include an audit opinion on the annual assessment of the effectiveness of the OCL's internal controls over financial reporting.

Original signed by

Nancy Bélanger
Commissioner of Lobbying
Charles Dutrisac, CPA, CMA, MBA
Director of Finance and Chief Financial Officer

Ottawa, Canada


Independent auditor's report

To the Speaker of the House of Commons and the Speaker of the Senate

Report on the financial statements

I have audited the accompanying financial statements of the Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying, which comprise the statement of financial position as at 31 March 2018, and the statement of operations and net financial position, statement of change in net debt and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.

Management's responsibility for the financial statements

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these financial statements in accordance with Canadian public sector accounting standards, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

Auditor's responsibility

My responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on my audit. I conducted my audit in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that I comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement.

An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor’s judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the entity’s preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements.

I believe that the audit evidence I have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for my audit opinion.

Opinion

In my opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying as at 31 March 2018, and the results of its operations, changes in its net debt, and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with Canadian public sector accounting standards.

Report on other legal and regulatory requirements

In my opinion, the transactions of the Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying that have come to my notice during my audit of the financial statements have, in all significant respects, been in accordance with the Financial Administration Act and regulations and the Lobbying Act.

Original signed by

Nathalie Chartrand, CPA, CA
Principal
for the Auditor General of Canada


Ottawa, Canada


Statement of financial position

Statement of Financial Position
As at March 31
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Liabilities
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (note 5) 821,219 525,838
Vacation pay and other leaves 166,773 135,538
Employee future benefits (note 6) 9,055 140,734
Total liabilities 997,047 802,110
Financial assets
Due from the Consolidated Revenue Fund 719,523 457,980
Accounts receivable and advances (note 7) 106,415 76,021
Total financial assets 825,938 534,001
Net debt 171,109 268,109
Non-financial assets
Prepaid expenses 13,828 8,489
Tangible capital assets (note 8) 740,629 612,036
Total non-financial assets 754,457 620,525
Net financial position 583,348 352,416

Contingent liabilities (note 9)

Contractual obligations (note 10)

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Original signed by

Nancy Bélanger
Commissioner of Lobbying
Charles Dutrisac, CPA, CMA, MBA
Director of Finance and Chief Financial Officer

Ottawa, Canada

Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position
For the year ended March 31
(in dollars) Planned
Results
(note 2)
2018
2018 2017
Expenses
Transparency and accountability 3,506,598 3,553,981 3,354,868
Internal Services 1,521,946 1,614,908 1,822,485
Net cost of operations before government funding 5,028,544 5,168,889 5,177,353
Government funding
Net cash provided by Government 4,461,950 4,507,292 4,415,607
Change in due from Consolidated Revenue Fund (37,310) 261,543 121,505
Services provided without charge by other government departments (note 11) 644,072 630,986 685,289
Net cost (revenue) of operations after government funding (40,168) (230,932) (45,048)
Net financial position — Beginning of year 189,037 352,416 307,368
Net financial position — End of year 229,205 583,348 352,416

Segmented information (note 12)

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Statement of Change in Net Debt
For the year ended March 31
(in dollars) Planned
Results
(note 2)
2018
2018 2017
Net cost (revenue) of operations after government funding (40,168) (230,932) (45,048)
Change due to tangible capital assets
Acquisition of tangible capital assets (note 8) 180,000 323,944 (205,204)
Amortization of tangible capital assets (note 8) (142,653) (195,351) (203,014)
Total change due to tangible capital assets 37,347 128,593 2,190
Change due to prepaid expenses 5,339 1,629
Net increase (decrease) in net debt (2,821) (97,000) (41,229)
Net debt — Beginning of year 461,610 268,109 309,338
Net debt — End of year 458,789 171,109 268,109

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Statement of Cash Flows
For the year ended March 31
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Operating activities
Net cost of operations before government funding 5,168,889 5,177,353
Non-cash items:
Amortization of tangible capital assets (note 8) (195,351) (203,014)
Services provided without charge by other government departments (note 11) (630,986) (685,289)
Variations in Statement of Financial Position:
Increase in accounts receivable and advances 30,394 36,214
Increase in prepaid expenses 5,339 1,629
Increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities (notes 5, 8) (190,072) (155,839)
Increase in vacation pay and other leaves (31,235) (41,481)
Decrease in employee future benefits 131,679 74,749
Cash used in operating activities 4,288,657 4,204,322
Capital investing activities
Acquisition of tangible capital assets (note 8) 218,635 211,285
Cash used in capital investing activities 218,635 211,285
Net cash provided by Government of Canada 4,507,292 4,415,607

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these financial statements.

Notes to the financial statements
For the year ended March 31

1. Authority and objectives

The mandate of the Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying (OCL) is to support the Commissioner in administering the Lobbying Act (the Act) and to ensure compliance with the Lobbyists' Code of Conduct (the Code).

Transparency and accountability
(Ensure transparency and accountability in the lobbying of public office holders in order to contribute to confidence in the integrity of government decision making)

The purpose of the Lobbying Act and the Lobbyists' Code of Conduct is to assure the Canadian public that lobbying is done transparently and with the highest ethical standards with a view to enhancing public confidence and trust in the integrity of government decision making. The mandate of the Commissioner of Lobbying is to establish and maintain the Registry of Lobbyists, develop and implement educational programs to foster awareness about the Act and the Code, and ensure compliance with the Act and the Code.

Internal services

Internal Services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. Internal Services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided to a specific program. The groups of activities are Management and Oversight Services; Legal Services; Human Resources Management Services; Financial Management Services; Information Management Services; Information Technology Services; Real Property Services; Materiel Services; and Acquisition Services.

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

These financial statements have been prepared using the Government of Canada's accounting policies stated below, which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards. The presentation and results using the stated accounting policies do not result in any significant differences from Canadian public sector accounting standards.

Significant accounting policies are as follows:

(a) Parliamentary authorities

The OCL is financed by the Government of Canada through Parliamentary authorities. Financial reporting of authorities provided to the OCL do not parallel financial reporting according to generally accepted accounting principles since authorities are primarily based on cash flow requirements. Consequently, items recognized in the Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position and in the Statement of Financial Position are not necessarily the same as those provided through authorities from Parliament. Note 4 provides a reconciliation between the bases of reporting. The planned results amounts in the Expenses section of the Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position are the amounts reported in the future-oriented Statement of Operations included in the 2017-18 Departmental Plan. The planned results amounts in the Government funding section of the Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position and in the Statement of Change in Net Debt were prepared for internal management purposes and have not been previously published.

Liquidity risk is the risk that the OCL will encounter difficulty in meeting its obligations associated with financial liabilities. The OCL's objective for managing liquidity risk is to manage operations and cash expenditures within the appropriation authorized by Parliament or allotment limits approved by the Treasury Board.

Each year, the OCL presents information on planned expenditures to Parliament through the tabling of Estimates publications. These estimates result in the introduction of supply bills (which, once passed into legislation, become appropriation acts) in accordance with the reporting cycle for government expenditures. The OCL exercises expenditure initiation processes such that unencumbered balances of budget allotments and appropriations are monitored and reported on a regular basis to help ensure sufficient authority remains for the entire period and appropriations are not exceeded.

Consistent with Section 32 of the Financial Administration Act, the OCL’s policy to manage liquidity risk is that no contract or other arrangement providing for a payment shall be entered into with respect to any program for which there is an appropriation by Parliament or an item included in estimates then before the House of Commons to which the payment will be charged unless there is a sufficient unencumbered balance available out of the appropriation or item to discharge any debt that, under the contract or other arrangement, will be incurred during the fiscal year in which the contract or other arrangement is entered into.

The OCL’s risk exposure and its objectives, policies and processes to manage and measure this risk did not change significantly from the prior year.

(b) Net cash provided by government

The OCL operates within the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF), which is administered by the Receiver General for Canada. All cash received by the OCL is deposited to the CRF, and all cash disbursements made by the OCL are paid from the CRF. The net cash provided by Government is the difference between all cash receipts and all cash disbursements, including transactions between departments of the Government.

(c) Due from or to the consolidated revenue fund

Amounts due from the CRF are the result of timing differences at year-end between when a transaction affects authorities and when it is processed through the CRF. Amounts due from the CRF represent the net amount of cash that the OCL is entitled to draw from the CRF without further authorities to discharge its liabilities. This amount is not considered to be a financial instrument.

(d) Expenses

Expenses are recorded on the accrual basis:

  • Vacation pay and other leaves are accrued as the benefits are earned by employees under their respective terms of employment.

(e) Employee future benefits

  • Pension benefits: Eligible employees participate in the Public Service Pension Plan (Plan), a multiemployer pension plan administered by the Government of Canada. The OCL's contributions to the Plan are charged to expenses in the year incurred and represent the total OCL obligation to the Plan. The OCL’s responsibility with regard to the Plan is limited to its contributions. Actuarial surpluses or deficiencies are recognized in the financial statements of the Government of Canada, as the Plan’s sponsor.
  • Severance benefits: The accumulation of severance benefits for voluntary departures ceased for applicable employee groups. Due to the size of OCL, the remaining obligation for employees who did not withdraw benefits is calculated using employee specific information.

(f) Accounts receivable

Accounts receivable are stated at the lower of cost and net recoverable value. A valuation allowance is recorded for accounts receivable where recovery is considered uncertain.

Credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will cause a financial loss for the other party by failing to discharge an obligation. The OCL is not exposed to significant credit risk. Accounts receivable are due on demand. The majority of accounts receivable are due from other government of Canada departments and agencies where there is minimal potential risk of loss. The maximum exposure the OCL has to credit risk equal to the carrying value of its accounts receivable.

(g) Contingent liabilities

Contingent liabilities are potential liabilities that may become actual liabilities when one or more future events occur or fail to occur. To the extent that the future event is likely to occur or fail to occur, and a reasonable estimate of the loss can be made, an estimated liability is accrued and an expense recorded. If the likelihood is not determinable or if an amount cannot be reasonably estimated, the contingency is disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

(h) Tangible capital assets

All tangible capital assets having an initial cost of $5,000 or more and leasehold improvements having an initial cost of $10,000 or more are recorded at their acquisition cost. The OCL does not capitalize intangible assets.

Amortization of tangible capital assets is done on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the asset as follows:

Tangible capital assets
Asset Class Amortization Period
Computer software 5 years
Informatics hardware 5 years
Furniture and fixtures 5 years
Leasehold improvements Lesser of the remaining term of the lease or useful life of the improvement

Assets under construction are recorded in the applicable capital asset class in the year that they become available for use and are not amortized until they become available for use.

(i) Related party transactions

Inter-entity transactions

OCL is related, in terms of common ownership, to all government departments, agencies, and Crown corporations. OCL enters into transactions with these entities in the normal course of business, which are measured at their carrying amount, except for the following:

  1. Inter-entity transactions are measured at the exchange amount when undertaken on similar terms and conditions to those adopted if the entities were dealing at arm’s length, or where costs provided are recovered.
  2. Goods or services received without charge between commonly controlled entities, when used in the normal course of the operations and would otherwise have been purchased, are recorded as revenues and expenses at the carrying amount. The Government also uses central agencies and common service organizations so that one department performs services for all other departments and agencies without charge. The costs of these services, such as the payroll and cheque issuance services provided by Public Services and Procurement Canada are not included in OCL's Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position.
Other related party transactions

Related parties also include key management personnel (KMP) having authority and responsibility for planning, directing and controlling the activities of the OCL, as well as their close family members. The OCL has defined its KMP to be the Commissioner and the Chief Financial Officer. These related party transactions are recorded at the exchange amount.

(j) Measurement uncertainty

The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported and disclosed amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes at March 31. The estimates are based on facts and circumstances, historical experience, general economic conditions and reflect the OCL's best estimate of the related amount at the end of the reporting period. The most significant items where estimates are used are the liability for employee future benefits and the useful life of tangible capital assets. Actual results could significantly differ from those estimated. Management’s estimates are reviewed periodically and, as adjustments become necessary, they are recorded in the financial statements in the year they become known.

3. Adoption of new accounting standards

The Public Sector Accounting Board (PSAB) issued five new accounting standards effective for fiscal years beginning on or after 1 April 2017. The new accounting standards are Related Party Disclosures (PS2200), Contingent Assets (PS3320), Assets (PS3210), Contractual Rights (PS3380) and Inter-entity Transactions (PS3420). The adoption of these standards only impacted note disclosure and did not result in any significant changes other than the creation of note 2 i) to describe accounting policy for related party transactions and additional disclosures in the related party transactions note 11 and contractual obligations note 10.

4. Parliamentary authorities

The OCL receives its funding through annual parliamentary authorities. Items recognized in the Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position and the Statement of Financial Position in one year may be funded through parliamentary authorities in prior, current or future years. Accordingly, the OCL has different net results of operations for the year on a government funding basis than on an accrual accounting basis. The differences are reconciled in the following tables:

(a) Reconciliation of net cost of operations to current year authorities used
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Net cost of operations before government funding 5,168,889 5,177,353
Adjustments for items affecting net cost of operations but not affecting authorities:
Add (Less):
Services provided without charge by other government departments (note 11) (630,986) (685,289)
Amortization of tangible capital assets (note 8) (195,351) (203,014)
Increase in vacation pay and other leaves (31,235) (41,481)
Decrease in employee future benefits 131,679 74,749
Other adjustments 3,691 1,448
  (722,202) (853,587)
Adjustments for items not affecting net cost of operations but affecting authorities:
Acquisition of tangible capital assets (note 8) 323,944 205,204
Employee advances and overpayments (note 7) 174 5,979
Increase in prepaid expenses 5,339 1,629
  329,457 212,812
Current year authorities used 4,776,144 4,536,578
(b) Authorities provided and used
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Authorities provided:
Vote 1 — Program expenditures 4,642,478 4,227,735
Statutory — Proceeds from the disposal of surplus Crown assets 13
Statutory — Contributions to employee benefit plans 333,393 379,815
Less:
Lapsed: Operating (199,727) (70,985)
Current year authorities used 4,776,144 4,536,578

5. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are due within six months of year-end.

The following table presents details of the OCL's accounts payable and accrued liabilities:

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Other government departments and agencies 157,566 141,534
External parties 369,499 161,814
Total: Accounts payable 527,065 303,348
Accrued liabilities 294,154 222,490
Total: Accounts payable + Accrued liabilities 821,219 525,838

6. Employee future benefits

(a) Pension benefits

The OCL's employees participate in the Public Service Pension Plan (Plan), which is sponsored and administered by the Government of Canada. Pension benefits accrue up to a maximum period of 35 years at a rate of 2 % per year of pensionable service, times the average of the best five consecutive years of earnings. The benefits are integrated with Canada/Québec Pension Plans benefits and they are indexed to inflation.

Both the employees and the OCL contribute to the cost of the Plan. Due to the amendment of the Public Service Superannuation Act following the implementation of provisions related to Economic Action Plan 2012, employee contributors have been divided into two groups – Group 1 relates to existing plan members as of , and Group 2 relates to members joining the Plan as of . Each group has a distinct contribution rate.

The 2017-18 expense amounts to $227,007 ($264,617 in 2016-17). For Group 1 members, the expense represents approximately 1.01 times (1.12 times in 2016-17) the employee contributions and, for Group 2 members, approximately 1 time (1.08 times in 2016-17) the employee contributions.

The OCL's responsibility with regard to the Plan is limited to its contributions. Actuarial surpluses or deficiencies are recognized in the consolidated financial statements of the Government of Canada, as the Plan’s sponsor.

(b) Severance benefits

Severance benefits provided to the OCL's employees were previously based on an employee’s eligibility, years of service and salary at termination of employment. However, since 2011 the accumulation of severance benefits for voluntary departures progressively ceased for substantially all employees. Employees subject to these changes were given the option to be paid the full or partial value of benefits earned to date or collect the full or remaining value of benefits upon departure from the public service. As at March 31, 2018, substantially all settlements for immediate cash out were completed and the remaining obligation will be disbursed upon departure from the public service. Severance benefits are unfunded and, consequently, the outstanding obligation will be paid from future authorities.

Information about the severance benefits, measured as at March 31, is as follows:

Employee Severance Benefits, measured as at March 31
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Accrued benefit obligation — Beginning of year 140,734 215,483
Expense for the year (83,026) (11,340)
Benefits paid during the year (48,653) (63,409)
Accrued benefit obligation — End of year 9,055 140,734

7. Accounts receivable and advances

The following table presents details of the OCL's accounts receivable and advances balances:

Accounts receivable and advances
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Receivables — Other government departments and agencies 101,524 67,518
Receivables — External parties 4,517 2,324
Employee advances and overpayments 174 5,979
Advance — Petty cash 200 200
Total: Accounts receivable and advances 106,415 76,021

8. Tangible capital assets

Costs of tangible capital assets
Cost
Capital Asset Class
(in dollars)
Opening Balance Acquisitions Disposals, Write-Offs and Transfers Closing
Balance
Computer software 3,050,082 205,134 51,088 3,306,304
Informatics hardware 87,808 87,808
Furniture and fixtures 46,674 46,674
Leasehold improvements 91,031 91,031
Assets under development 51,088 118,810 (51,088) 118,810
Total: Cost 3,326,683 323,944 3,650,627
Accumulated Amortization of tangible capital assets
Accumulated Amortization
Capital Asset Class
(in dollars)
Opening Balance Amortization Disposals, Write-Offs and Transfers Closing Balance
Computer software 2,540,245 177,789 2,718,034
Informatics hardware 36,697 17,562 54,259
Furniture and fixtures 46,674 46,674
Leasehold improvements 91,031 91,031
Total: Accumulated Amortization 2,714,647 195,351 2,909,998
Net book value of tangible capital assets
Net Book Value
Capital Asset Class
(in dollars)
2018 2017
Computer software 588,270 509,837
Informatics hardware 33,549 51,111
Furniture and fixtures
Leasehold improvements
Assets under construction 118,810 51,088
Total: Net Book Value 740,629 612,036

The statement of Cash Flows excludes $124,836 in relation to acquisitions of tangible capital assets in 2017-18 that remain to be paid as at March 31, 2018. As at March 31, 2017, this amount was $19,527 which was paid in 2017-18 and included in the March 31, 2018 Statement of Cash Flows.

9. Contingent liabilities

In the normal course of its operations, the OCL may face legal challenges with regard to a decision made by the Commissioner or for any other reasons. Some of these legal actions may result in actual liabilities when one or more future events occur. To the extent that the future event is likely to occur, and a reasonable estimate of the loss can be made, a liability is accrued and an expense recorded in the financial statements. No contingent liabilities are recognized in the OCL’s financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, and there are no claims outstanding as at March 31, 2018.

10. Contractual obligations

The nature of the OCL's activities can result in some multi-year contracts and obligations whereby the OCL will be obligated to make future payments when the goods or services are received. These obligations include service contracts and equipment rental. Significant contractual obligations that can be reasonably estimated are summarized as follows:

Contractual Obligations
(in dollars) Related Parties Acquisitions of
goods and services
Operating
leases
Total
2019 408,227 415,796 3,924 827,947
2020 62,664 57,449 4,734 124,847
2021 1,060 2,124 3,184
2022 1,081 1,947 3,028
2023 and thereafter

11. Related party transactions

(a) Common services provided without charge by other government departments

During the year, the OCL received services without charge from certain common service organizations, related to accommodation, employer's contribution to the health and dental insurance plans, audit services and information technology support services. These services provided without charge have been recorded in the OCL's Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position as follows:

Common services provided without charge by other government departments
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Accommodation 270,284 292,076
Employer's contribution to the health and dental insurance plans 236,312 246,025
Audit services 106,000 106,000
Information technology support services 18,390 41,188
Total: Common services provided without charge by other government departments 630,986 685,289

The Government has centralized some of its administrative activities for efficiency, cost-effectiveness purposes and economic delivery of programs to the public. As a result, the Government uses central agencies and common service organizations so that one department performs services for all other departments and agencies without charge. The costs of these services, such as the payroll and cheque issuance services provided by Public Services and Procurement Canada are not included in the OCL's Statement of Operations and Net Financial Position.

(b) Other transactions with related parties

The OCL incurred expenses of $829,625 in 2017-18 ($1,175,873 in 2016-17) from transactions in the normal course of business with other Government departments, agencies and Crown corporations. In addition, the OCL has shared service agreements with other government departments related to the provision of Finance, Human Resources, Administration and Information Technology services. The expenses are $442,277 in 2017-18 ($570,448 in 2016-17) and are included in the total amount of transactions with related parties. These expenses exclude common services received without charge, which are already disclosed in a). Contractual obligations with related parties, as shown in note 10 above, amount to a total of $473,032 over the next five years.

Related party transactions
(in dollars) 2018 2017
Accounts receivable 101,524 67,518
Accounts payable 157,566 141,534
Expenses 829,625 1,175,873

12. Segmented information

Presentation by segment is based on the OCL's core responsabilities. The presentation by segment is based on the same accounting policies as described in the Summary of significant accounting policies in note 2. The following table presents the expenses incurred for the main core responsabilities, by major object of expense. The segment results for the period are as follows:

Segmented Information
(in dollars) Transparency and accountability Internal services 2018 2017
Expenses
Salaries and employee benefits 2,478,229 578,281 3,056,510 3,251,478
Professional and special services 535,375 751,752 1,287,127 1,185,526
Accommodation 224,239 61,156 285,395 292,076
Amortization of tangible capital assets 172,798 22,553 195,351 203,014
Furniture and equipment 17,203 128,179 145,409 52,530
Telecommunications services 38,666 27,607 66,273 33,104
Information services 46,252 1,829 48,081 57,370
Rental 351 33,010 33,361 38,213
Travel  29,495 604 30,099 45,184
Utilities, materials and supplies 10,901 6,798 17,699 13,856
Repair and maintenance 45 3,139 3,584 5,002
Net cost of operations 3,553,981 1,614,908 5,168,889 5,177,353

13. Comparative information

Comparative figures have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation.

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